A healthy part of normal child development is for toddlers and children to become f=more independent. Childcare providers and parents should allow and encourage them to take responsibility for themselves whenever possible. When they practice self-help skills such as feeding and dressing themselves, they practice their large and small motor skills, gain confidence in their ability to try new things and build self-confidence.
There are four main types of self-help skills:
Self-Feeding: Allow and encourage infants to practice feeding themselves. Begin by offering finger foods. Introduce a spoon and a fork give plenty of time for practice. Let children be as independent as possible during mealtime. Provide them with small cups and utensils, handles and spouts. Encourage them to do as much as possible without allowing them to become frustrated.
Independent dressing and grooming: Encourage children to dress and groom by themselves; just provide minimal assistance. Encourage older infants and toddlers o help pull socks on and off, pull up pants after diapering and help put their arms through sleeves. As children get older, encourage them to dress themselves but help with zipping and buttoning.
Hygiene and toileting. Look for readiness signs. Encourage children to use the toilet to climb on and off the seat, pull clothing up and down, and wash their hands independently. Also teach them to brush their teeth after meals.
Helping with daily chores like picking up toys after playtime. Encourage children to help with clean-up early on. Give toddlers responsibility for placing napkins or utensils on the table. Ask them to take their plate to the sink after meals.